America’s foreign policy has always supported dictatorship and theocracies rather than find allies among secular countries like India.
When the British left India, India was divided into Hindu Majority and Muslim Majority as two sovereign nations as India and Pakistan. Pakistan was divided into two parts West and East with India in the middle. In case of East Pakistan who were Bengali speaking Muslims- were not given proper attention by the Pakistan government which focused all its attention on the development of Western Part of Pakistan. The people of East Pakistan (Bangladesh) started to yern for liberation from Pakistan. Yet another important factor was Bengali language identity, since they were against the imposition of Urdu as the official Language. The Bangladeshi people also faced atrocities from their own government, after a long period of genocide and conflict hordes of refugees began to come to India, and Indra Gandhi the then Prime Minister of India had no choice but to intervene in the conflict and help Bangladesh gain freedom from Pakistan in 1971. United States was an ally of Pakistan and for various reasons did not want to help India at this crucial juncture even when Mrs.Indra Gandhi asked for help. It was during such circumstances that India signed a peace treaty with Soviet Union in 1971 and even though India previously had been a non aligned nation.
For More Details Kindly read
1971 India Pakistan War: Role of Russia, China, America and Britain
By Sanskar Shrivastava
Let’s discuss Buddhism for example which I consider a peaceful religion from its inception to its present state. In its core value Buddhism does not believe in a supreme being, the philosophy is mainly based on living a moral life. However being situated in the Hindu cultural milieu of that time Gautama Buddha did strongly believe in afterlife and soul. Buddhism is more about attaining ‘Nirvana’ meaning freedom from the cycle of rebirths.
The best moral way of life is set forth by Buddhism and it’s pretty straight forward to a lay person to adapt and follow in life and technically Buddhism was against worshiping deities or following priests and very much a common man’s way to spirituality without any ritual or middle man.
Buddhism, spread to South East Asia from India, and has pretty much survived in South East Asia until the west rediscovered it and adapted it as we know now.
An interesting observation in recent years has been made by many is that learning from the Buddhist tradition various forms of meditation techniques are actually being used as quick fix to a stressful life. In a sense its still used as a caffeine to get re-energized and go back to live our materialist life, or as short term fix by doing meditation retreats and then going back to a life which might not really incorporate compassion and kindness in the way we lead our lives.
Also many atheists who have studied the meditation techniques and have devised their own non religious form of meditation techniques should accept the fact that their journey started from learning the great tradition of Buddhism, and in its own time it was indeed an atheistic belief system. And all the rituals, arts and paraphernalia and the monarchical system of Dalai Lama was added to the Buddhist tradition later on.
For any one who is interested in Spirituality without Religion, please check out The Following Book by Famous Atheist Sam Harris who needs no Introduction.
Harris, Sam. Waking up: A guide to spirituality without religion. Simon and Schuster, 2014.